Thursday, May 17, 2007

Nutritional Guidelines

Dogs need only one meal a day, should have 75% carbohydrates with 25% protein.

Below feeding guide is base on a 10kg dog.

Protein(Meats) - 1/4 lbs ** Most important source in a dog diet
For dogs, meats like liver, beef, lamb and fish (as well as horsemeat, according to one source) are especially appetizing.

Eggs or Low-Fat Cottage Cheese can be use to substitutes meats.

I usually stick to the following meat :
  • Fish fillet
  • Salmon fish (occasionally for the omega 3)
  • Minced lamb
You can also feed:
  • Chicken
  • Turkey
  • Beef
  • Moose
  • Musk ox
  • Bison
  • Veniso
  • Organ meat - heart, kidney, liver, pancreas, gizzards, brain (but remember to ask the butcher to mince the organ meat and add a little fat, about 10%)
Remember, only use 1 source of meat in a meal.

Grain (brown rice, oatmeal or whole wheat bread, for instance) are highly recommended to be added into the pets meal.

Can also use :
  • Rice
  • Sweet potatoes
  • Yams
  • Pasta (prefer organic)
** Carbohydrate to Protein ration should at least be 3:1. **
*There a contradicting fact about grain. Some article I read doesn't recommend grains but I guess it up to individual. With grains, it make your dog feel full. At time when I'm lazy to steam grain, I'll do without it. Make sure that when there no grain added in the meal, the portion of meat to vegetable should be 2 parts of meat to 1 part vegetables. Puppies will need 3:1.

Vegetable - 1/2 to 1 cup
All vegetables must be cooked (or at least half cooked). You can have a variety of vegetables in a meal. Pulp or chop finely the vegetables for easy absorption. If the veggies are not chopped extremely fine you will see them come out in the stools. The finer, the better. By chopping finely, your dog will then really benefit from supplemental digestive enzymes to help digest the vegetables.

Can use:
  • Asparagus
  • Beet pulp (start slowly as they naturally purge the system)
  • Cabbage
  • Cauliflower
  • Carrots
  • Celery
  • Parsely (small amounts act as it is a natural diuretic)
  • Peas
  • Pumkin
  • Sprouts
  • Squash
  • Sweet Potatoes
  • Generally, any green leafy vegetable is alright
A simple rule of paw: vegetables that are darker in colour generally have more nutrition. For example, red cabbage is more nutritious than green cabbage.

*Still not sure what vegetable to use, take a peek at the commercial dog food label. They should indicate the vegetable use under the ingredients section.

Minerals are essential nutrients needed by the body, and though they are present in natural food ingredients, supplementation of dog foods is usually required to meet the nutrient requirement standards developed by the Association of American Feed Control Officials (AAFCO). The following table lists mineral sources which are commonly found in dog foods. Foods high in each mineral are also listed.

Add 1/4 tsp per 20lbs of salt substitute (aka potassium chloride)
Add 1 tsp per 20 lbs of Vegetable oil/ Canala oil/ Olive oil.
Add 1/4 tsp per 20 lbs of sardines or liver to supplies B-12 (3x a week)

*hurmp* I usually skip this step as I got no idea what it about. Instead, I use those oil (can use rosemary oil) to fry my dog food.
Supplement added are flaxseed oil and/or Nupro. I feel that this two is enough, esp Nupro. It has most of the supplement needed.

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